Early years[ edit ] Thompson was born in rural Woburn, Massachusettson March 26, ; his birthplace is preserved as a museum. He was educated mainly at the village school, although he sometimes walked almost ten miles to Cambridge with the older Loammi Baldwin to attend lectures by Professor John Winthrop of Harvard College.
His investigations of heat overturned the theory that heat is a liquid form of matter and established the beginnings of the modern theory that heat is a form of motion.
Loyal to the British crown, he served as a spy after the outbreak of the American Revolutionbut in he was forced to flee to London, leaving his wife and daughter behind.
There he served for a time as a government clerk and undersecretary of state. As a lieutenant colonel he later commanded a British regiment in New York, but with the end of the war he resigned himself to exile.
His work resulted in improved fireplaces and chimneys, and among his inventions are a double boiler, a kitchen range, and a drip coffeepot. He also introduced the potato as a staple food.
He was created a count of the Holy Roman Empire in Interest in gunpowder and weaponry stimulated his physical investigations, and in he began his studies of heat and friction.
Thompson returned to England in and continued his researches on heat. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Early years. James Joule was born in , the son of Benjamin Joule (–), a wealthy brewer, and his wife, Alice Prescott, on New Bailey Street in Salford.
Joule was tutored as a young man by the famous scientist John Dalton and was strongly influenced by chemist William Henry and Manchester engineers Peter Ewart and Eaton timberdesignmag.com was fascinated by electricity, and he and his. Count Rumford >The American-born British physicist Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford >(), is best known for his attacks on the caloric theory of heat.
Benjamin Thompson was born on March 26, , in Woburn, Mass. Rumford, Benjamin Thompson () American-British physicist and scoundrel who, while drilling out cannons in the Munich munitions works, noticed that the canon became hot as long as the friction of boring continued.
Sarah Thompson, Countess Rumford, (18 October - 2 December ) was a philanthropist.
She is the first American to be known as a Countess. Sarah Thompson, Countess Rumford; Sarah Thompson Count Rumford: Physicist Extraordinary. Doubleday & Co. Died: 2 December (aged 78), Concord, New Hampshire.
It has been a source of real enjoyment to me to interrupt work on a comprehensive biography of Count Rumford to write this small volume for high school pupils and others interested in science.
Sir Benjamin Thompson, count von Rumford: Sir Benjamin Thompson, count von Rumford, American-born British physicist, government administrator, and a founder of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, London.
His investigations of heat overturned the theory that heat is a liquid form of matter and established the beginnings of the modern.