Citations of this work, as with the rest of the works of Aristotleare often made by referring to the Bekker section numbers. Politics spans the Bekker sections a to b. The highest form of community is the polis.
Aristotle sates the individual should be thought of and taking care of first. If we are to take care of the few individuals, then the whole society should be taking care of. Aristotle uses politics and ethics together to explain the good life.
People generally disagree as to the nature and conditions of happiness. Some people believe that happiness is wealth, honor, pleasure, or virtue. Aristotle thinks that wealth is not happiness because wealth is just a monetary value, but can still be used to gain some happiness.
Not directly of course, money can only buy a person objects that can bring them happiness for a short period of time. Just like wealth, honor is not happiness, because honor focuses more on the people, rather then the honoree.
Pleasure is not happiness, because "the life of gratification" is "completely slavish", since most of the people in the polis decided to live their life based on the way animals live. The people are punished for things not accepted and reward for actions excepted.
The last is virtue, and virtue is not happiness either, since one could be virtuous and not use it. Instead, Aristotle says that happiness is a combination of the four. Thus, Aristotle describes the good life by saying that, "the happy person is one who expresses complete virtue in his activities, with and adequate supply of external goods, not just for anytime but for a complete life".
Aristotle believes that virtues are states of character. Aristotle presents his idea of moral and intellectual virtue out of the fact that they can only be achieved through excellence or virtue. Virtue is referred to as all of the characteristics that are required for a human being to carry out its proper function.
Moral virtue consists of character traits like courage, generosity, temperance, justice, and so on. It is the kind of excellence having to do with the relationship between the rational part of the soul and the appetitive part of the soul.
The appetitive part of the soul refers to the pursuit of pleasure and the avoidance of pain. The rational part of the soul deals with a human body and the functions that it needs to survive.
Moral virtues can be obtained by imitating the responses acts and feelings of a virtuous person. This is done best by habitation. The relationship between the appetitive and the rational part of the soul shows moral virtue.
A sign of a person possessing the qualities of moral virtue would be a person taking pleasure in acting virtuous in everything they do. Intellectual virtues are the excellences proper only to the rational part of the soul. The work or function of the rational part of the soul is to use deep thinking in arriving at judgments about what to do or to believe.
These excellences are those qualities that enable a person to think well about a various subject matter. This can be achieved through the teachings of the polis. Teaching is the main way citizens of the polis learn intellectual virtue. They do this by discussing their thoughts and ideas with other citizens of the polis and learning from their wisdom.
Both moral and intellectual virtues must be present for a citizen of the polis to posses a good life.
The polis was formed out of virtue that a man possessed while he was in the polis. A citizen of the polis was to behave at his or her highest potential in nature and to posses a virtuous life. The polis can be used to train the excellences of the individual.
If there was no polis there would be no excellence of the individual. In addition, the polis provides a field for the operation of these excellences. Moral action is possible only within the polis.
Man exists for living well, and the good life just like an individual in the polis. As you can see, virtue is based on choice, but making the right choice depends on habituation.
One must live awayIn Aristotle's view of politics, he emphasise the city state (the Polis) rather than the national state.
Because he believed that only the city state could allow citizens being able to share their every voice (face to face) can be heard for their 'happiness'. Thus, it can be seen that the concept of human beings are by nature a political being and the formation of city or Polis is nature place where human beings are naturally joining together.
Aristotle said that man is by nature a moral or an ethical being.
In what follows, I shall consider Aristotle's’ argument of the polis, or the city-state, as presented in his Politics I.2, and expound on the philosophical implications of this particular thesis; namely, a thesis which claims that the city-state exists by nature, and correspondingly, that a . Aristotle's View on the Polis. Topics: Virtue, Aristotle’s views on Friendship Whilst browsing the internet for ideas for stories on friendship I found a summary of Book IX of Nichomachean Ethics, a book written by philosopher Aristotle. In book IX Aristotle puts friendship into 3 sections described later on. Aristotle: The Polis, from Politics The Polis as the highest good Every State is a community of some kind, and every community is established with a view to some good; for mankind always act in order to obtain that which they think good.
In his view, human beings a nature life is a life of justice. The polis was formed out of virtue that a man possessed while he was in the polis.
A citizen of the polis was to behave at his or her highest potential in nature and to posses a virtuous life. The polis can be used to train the excellences of the individual.
If there was no polis there would be no excellence of 4/4(1). Aristotle's View on the Polis This Essay Aristotle's View on the Polis and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on timberdesignmag.com Autor: review • November 29, • Essay • 1, Words (5 Pages) • 1, Views4/4(1).
Supplement: Characteristics and Problems of Aristotle's Politics 2. Aristotle's View of Politics. Political science studies the tasks of the politician or statesman (politikos), in much the way that medical science concerns the work of the physician (see Politics IV.1).
It is, in fact, the body of knowledge that such practitioners, if truly expert, will also wield in pursuing their tasks. Aristotle's View on the Polis.
Topics: Virtue, Aristotle’s views on Friendship Whilst browsing the internet for ideas for stories on friendship I found a summary of Book IX of Nichomachean Ethics, a book written by philosopher Aristotle. In book IX Aristotle puts friendship into 3 sections described later on.