You might think that open-minded people who review the evidence should be able to agree on whether homework really does help. Their assessments ranged from homework having positive effects, no effects, or complex effects to the suggestion that the research was too sparse or poorly conducted to allow trustworthy conclusions.
Does homework improve student achievement?
October 8, Page Content Sinceeducators around the world have conducted studies to answer a simple question: As simple as the question seems to be, the answer is quite complex.
So many variables affect student achievement. Although most Canadian parents would agree that some homework is valuable, difficult questions remain: How much homework is necessary? Does homework really help my child? Elementary—Kindergarten to Grade 7 Research suggests that, with two exceptions, homework for elementary children is not beneficial and does not boost achievement levels.
The first exception is in the case of a student who is struggling to complete classroom tasks. The second is when students are preparing for a test.
For example, students might review a list of words for 10 minutes in preparation for a spelling test the next day. Parental help with homework appears to be beneficial only if the child has already learned the concepts and simply needs more time to complete the assignments.
In fact, some evidence suggests that K—4 students who spend too much time on homework actually achieve less well. For students in Grades 6 and 7, up to an hour of meaningful homework per night can be beneficial.
Grades 8 to 12 Things change in high school.
Most studies involving high school students suggest that students who do homework achieve at a higher rate.
Based on his research, Cooper suggests this rule of thumb: In other words, Grade 1 students should do a maximum of 10 minutes of homework per night, Grade 2 students, 20 minutes, and so on. Expecting academic students in Grade 12 to occasionally do two hours of homework in the evening—especially when they are studying for exams, completing a major mid-term project or wrapping up end-of-term assignments—is not unreasonable.
But insisting that they do two hours of homework every night is expecting a bit much. Research suggests that homework benefits high school students most in the following situations: When it is used to enhance short-term retention such as reviewing for an exam rather than to learn new content.
When it involves constructive activities such as active problem solving or working on a creative project as opposed to rote or repetitious tasks such as completing copy work or practice sheets. When students understand the content but need more time to complete work that they began in class.
When the homework is assigned to the whole class as opposed to a few learners who are deemed to require remedial help. At the same time, most studies Eren and Henderson, agree that homework benefits lower-achieving students more than it does high achievers.
While the debate continues, one thing remains clear: For that reason, assigning students some homework can be beneficial. However, how much homework a child should do and how often are questions that can be answered only after taking into account the unique needs of the child and his or her learning style, goals and challenges.
The Case Against Homework: Da Capo Life Long.Sep 23, · Yet other studies simply correlate homework and achievement with no attempt to control for student differences. In 35 such studies, about 77 percent find the link between homework and achievement is positive.
The students were chosen due to their history of achievement (or lack thereof) and homework issues. Nonetheless, this research did positively affect the students studied. Omlin-Ruback () conducted a study focusing on increasing homework completion of middle school students through the use of interventions.
Across five studies, the average student who did homework had a higher unit test score than the students not doing homework.
However, 35 less rigorous (correlational) studies suggest little or no relationship between homework and achievement for elementary school students. school student in a class doing homework outperformed 69% of the students in a no-homework class, as measured by standardized tests or grades.
In junior high school, the average homework effect was half this magnitude. In elementary school, homework had no association with achievement gains.
The homework debate often focuses on how and why homework affects student learning and achievement. Harris Cooper, a professor of psychology, and colleagues () found there are both positive and negative consequences of homework.
Excessive amounts of time spent on completing homework can take away from a student 's social life, family time, and limits participation in sports or other activities. The amount of homework a teacher can give to a student should be.