How does homelessness affect families and children? According to the National Alliance to End Homelessness, families experiencing homelessness are similar to other, housed families living in poverty.
Try four weeks for 99 cents The impact of homelessness on child development Posted Friday, September 12, 7: Unfortunately, Effects of homelessness on school childrens impact can have long term, cumulative effects over the course of a lifetime.
The earlier we can support successful interventions to prevent or end homelessness, the better the outcomes will be for children and their families. The impact of homelessness on child development occurs before a child is born.
Pregnant women who are homeless are at higher risk of experiencing a lack of prenatal care, poor nutrition, and chronic stress; all of which can impact the development of their baby. These infants are more likely to have a low birth rate, to not receive regular check-ups and immunizations, and to live in a stressful environment.
All of these are risk factors for a child not developing optimally, particularly the elements of a stressful environment, and can have an adverse impact on brain development.
Having children in positive environments that support that development creates the strong foundation they need to be successful in school and beyond. Children who are homeless are more at risk for not having adequate food, for being exposed to or directly experiencing violence, for being separated from their families and placed in foster care, a system that is not ideal for child development.
These experiences create chronic stress and produce a physiological response that weakens the ability of children to develop optimally.
A report from the Family Housing Fund, "Homelessness and its Effect on Children," notes that by 18 months, children who are homeless often begin to demonstrate a regression in speech and toilet training, and ultimately 75 percent of homeless children under the age of 5 have at least one major developmental delay, while 44 percent have 2 or more major developmental delays.
These children are also less likely to be enrolled in an early education program that is one of the environments that could counter some of these negative effects. Clearly homelessness is not good for children. Last year, the state of Vermont implemented a two-year pilot program in three areas -- Brattleboro, Burlington, and Rutland -- to help homeless families with young children ages zero to 6 find and maintain housing.
The Family Supportive Housing FSH program provides services and supports to families to help them identify what they need, make goals towards getting those needs met, and access resources towards achieving those goals with the outcome of stable housing as a primary objective.
There are many challenges families face in finding and maintaining housing, and it takes sensitivity, creativity, persistence and a willingness to take risks in order to support people to make a difference in their lives. While the program has only been up and running for a year, we have seen some real success stories.
The state has expanded the program in two more regions and will hopefully continue it as we see positive results. Finding housing is not enough.
Supportive services are also important. The risk factors associated with homelessness do damage to families, not just children, and it is critical that we work to offset those damages to create the positive environments necessary for children to develop optimally.
We believe that all families want to do what is right for their child. Understanding what children need to learn and grow will help families provide that environment. Certainly stable housing is part of that foundation, but there are other services needed as well, including:Washington--A new study documenting the deleterious impact of homelessness on a child's schooling was released here last week at a national conference on homeless children and youths.
Poverty's effects on the psychological and emotional state of children contribute to both student interest in school and overall happiness.
According to a study by the Connecticut Commission for Children, twice as many low-income parents suffer from depression as other parents. The prevalence of homeless children is seen in the findings of recent research which indicates that a large number of school age children and youth can become homeless over the course of a year in the United States (Graham-Bermann & Ramirez, ).
Although estimating the homeless population is difficult, about million students in the U.S.
were homeless at the start of the school year. Children not enrolled in school, although their numbers are less easily measured, push the total number of homeless children and youth significantly higher. Feb 03, · This video is about Homeless Children and the challenges they face in education.
Effects of Homelessness on School Aged Children Riceman 20,, views. Magic Money for Homeless. definitely will find there to be many effects on children of living in a homeless situation. I will discover the many effects homelessness has on children's education, mental well-being, and physical health.
I also hope to find out if there normal, housed school-age children, homeless children scored lower on.