Collation[ edit ] Collation word ordering in Japanese is based on the kana, which express the pronunciation of the words, rather than the kanji.
Bathing[ edit ] A private furo in a ryokan Bathing is an important part of the daily routine in Japan, where bath tubs are for relaxing, not cleaning the body. Therefore the body must be cleaned and scrubbed before entering the bathtub or ofuro.
This is done in the same room as the tub, while seated on a small stool and using a hand-held shower. Soap, a wash cloth, and shampoo are provided; and the bather is expected to wash and rinse thoroughly twice before stepping into the ofuro. Any hair or debris is scooped from the water after the bath, and a lid is placed over the tub to maintain the water temperature and prevent evaporation.
Water heaters also continue to maintain the temperature. Ryokan baths have a small anteroom for undressing before entering the bathing room.
Usually there is a basket in which to place used towels and wash cloths.
Because the ofuro is meant for a relaxing private soak, yet serves numerous people, the bather needs to be careful not to indulge too long. Many ryokan close the ofuro for several hours every day so the room can be cleaned and aired, and some require guests to sign up for specific soak times.
In homes with small tubs, family members bathe one by one in order of seniority, traditionally starting with the oldest male or the oldest person in the household. If there are guests in the home, they will be given priority.
In homes with larger tubs, it is not uncommon for family members to bathe together. Typically one or both parents will bathe with babies and toddlers, and even as children grow older they may still bathe with one of their parents.
Some homes transfer the hot bath water to a clothes-washing machine. A regular bathhouse will have tap water heated in a boiler. In all but the most rural areas, public baths are segregated by gender.
Customers bathe nude, many using a small washcloth to cover their genitals. The same soaping, scrubbing, rinsing rules apply as in homes and ryokan. These baths use water heated by geothermal springs and often are incorporated into resort-like destinations in the countryside where people stay for a day or more.
They may have a variety of soaking pools and tubs, some indoors and some outdoors, some communal and some private. Larger onsen will have separate pools for men and women, and visitors normally bathe nude.
Bowing is extremely important: Basic bows are performed by bending from the waist with the back and neck straight, hands at the sides males or clasped at the lap femalesand eyes looking down. The body should be composed but not rigid.
Generally, the longer and deeper the bow, the stronger the emotion and respect expressed. The three main types of bows are informal, formal, and very formal. Very formal bows are deeper. The etiquette surrounding bowing, including the length, depth, and appropriate response, is exceedingly complex.
For example, if one person maintains his or her bow longer than the other person expected generally about two or three secondsthe person who rose first may express politeness by bowing a second time— and then receive another bow in response. This often leads to a long exchange of progressively lighter bows.
Generally, an inferior bows longer, more deeply, and more frequently than a superior. A superior addressing an inferior will generally only nod slightly, and some may not bow at all. An inferior will bend forward from the waist. It is important to try to gauge the appropriate depth and duration of bows in different situations: Bows of apology tend to be deeper and last longer, occurring with frequency throughout the apology, generally at about 45 degrees with the head lowered and lasting for at least the count of three, sometimes longer.
The depth, frequency, and duration of the bow increases with the sincerity of the apology and severity of the offense. Occasionally, in the case of apology and begging, people crouch like Sujud to show absolute submission or extreme regret.
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