In Exodus, ecological disaster is the retribution of God against the tyranny and oppression of Pharaoh. But we can see that when economics, politics, culture, and society are in need of redemption, so is the environment. Each of these warnings-in-action convinced Pharaoh to release Israel, but as each passed, he reneged. Finally, God brought on the disaster of slaying every firstborn son among the people and animals of the Egyptians Exod.
In contrast, the promissory type of covenant is seen in the Abrahamic and Davidic covenants. Seven covenants of the old testament covenants focus on the relationship between the suzerain and the vassal and are similar to the "royal grant" type of legal document, which include historical introduction, border delineations, stipulations, witnesses, blessings, and curses.
In royal grants, the master could reward a servant for being loyal. God rewarded Abraham, Noah, and David in his covenants with them. When taking this oath, God is accompanied by a smoking oven and a torch. These were objects used in the procedure of taking an oath much like oaths that involved sacrificing animals while taking the oath.
God acts as the suzerain power and is the party of the covenant accompanied by the required action that comes with the oath whether it be fire or animals in the sacrificial oaths.
In doing this, God is the party taking upon the curse if he does not uphold his obligation. Through history there were also many instances where the vassal was the one who performed the different acts and took the curse upon them.
He goes on to argue that phrases about having a "whole heart" or having "walked after me [God] with all his heart" strongly parallels with Neo-Assyrian grant language, such as "walked with royalty". He further argues that in Jeremiah, God uses prophetic metaphor to say that David will be adopted as a son.
Expressing legal and political relationships through familial phraseology was common among Near Eastern cultures. Babylonian contracts often expressed fathership and sonship in their grants to actually mean a king to vassal relationship.
In the grant of Ashurbanipalan Assyrian, to his servant Bulta, he describes Bulta's loyalty with the phrase "kept the charge of my kinship". Abraham similarly kept God's charge in Genesis Babylonian contracts often expressed fathership and sonship, in their grants to actually mean a king to vassal relationship.
He also argues that during this consolidation, the new state also had to unify the religious traditions that belonged to the different groups to prevent dissent from those who might believe that the formation of a state would replace direct governance from God. Therefore, Mendenhall continues, these loosely bound tribes merged under the Mosaic covenant to legitimize their unity.
They believed that to obey the law was to obey God.
They also believed that the king was put into power as a result of God's benefaction, and that this accession was the fulfillment of God's promise of dynasty to David. Mendenhall also notes that a conflict arose between those who believed in the Davidic covenant, and those who believed that God would not support all actions of the state.
As a result, both sides became relatively aloof, and the Davidic covenant and the Mosaic covenant were almost entirely forgotten. Noahic covenant[ edit ] Noah's Thanksoffering c.
Noah builds an altar to the Lord after being delivered from the Flood ; God sends the rainbow as a sign of his covenant. Covenant of the pieces The covenant found in Genesis 12—17 is known as the Brit bein HaBetarim, the "Covenant Between the Parts" in Hebrew, and is the basis for brit milah covenant of circumcision in Judaism.
The covenant was for Abraham and his seed, or offspring,  both of natural birth and adoption. By contrast, Genesis 17 contains the covenant of circumcision conditional.
To make of Abraham a great nation and bless Abraham and make his name great so that he will be a blessing, to bless those who bless him and curse him who curses him and all peoples on earth would be blessed through Abraham. To make Abraham the father of many nations and of many descendants and give "the whole land of Canaan " to his descendants.
In Hebrew, the verb meaning to seal a covenant translates literally as "to cut". It is presumed by Jewish scholars that the removal of the foreskin symbolically represents such a sealing of the covenant. It is the obligation of the master to his servant and involves gifts given to individuals who were loyal serving their masters.
In the covenant with Abraham in Genesis 15, it is God who is the suzerain who commits himself and swears to keep the promise. In the covenant there are procedures of taking the oath, which involve a smoking oven and a blazing torch.
There are many similarities between Genesis 15 and the Abba-El deed. Genesis 15 and similarly in the Abba-El deed it is the superior party who places himself under oath. Also the oaths in both involve a situation where the inferior party is delivering the animals while the superior swears the oath.
The Abraham covenant is part of a tradition of covenantal sacrifices, which dates back to the third millennium BC. The animals that are slaughtered in the covenant in Genesis 15 are considered a sacrificial offering.
The covenant in Genesis 15 preserve the sacrificial element alongside the symbolic act.Old Testament Compared To The New Testament.
The Old Testament vs New Testament charts are for use as a general resource.
The Bible Studies refer to the charts through links in the lessons. Section Revelation on the priesthood, given through Joseph Smith the Prophet, at Kirtland, Ohio, about April Although this section was recorded in , the historical records affirm that most of verses 60 through incorporate a revelation given through Joseph Smith on November 11, This section was associated with the organization of the Quorum of the Twelve in February and.
The Old Testament contains 39 books that are categorized as books of the Law, history, poetry, wisdom, and prophetical books. Despite its diverse contents, it is much more than a simple anthology. It is tied together by a successive string of five major covenants that God made with His people.
A. The Old Testament Covenants The Old Testament Covenants “A covenant is an unchangeable, divinely imposed legal agreement between God and man that stipulates the conditions of their relationship” CITATION Gru00 \p \l (Grudem, , p.
). For the life of the flesh is in the blood; and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that makes atonement by reason of the life.
Old Testament Scripture Mastery Printables. July 6, / Family,Family Home Evening,Printables,Seminary / 55 Comments 9. Two years ago I decided to print the Scripture Mastery verses that my son would be learning in seminary.