Maximilian is the secondary antagonist of Disney's live-action film The Black Hole.
Influences on the Medieval Philosophers a. The doctrine of the Forms was particularly salient. According to Plato, there is a perfect Form of Beauty in which beautiful things participate. For thinkers such as Augustine and Pseudo-Dionysius, platonic forms including the form of Beauty are in fact ideas in the mind of God, and the world is but a shadow of the divine image.
Mimesis derives from the idea that beautiful things are mere replicas of Beauty itself. So conceived, beautiful things participate in the Forms by means of imitation. Moreover, Plato thought that the artist could only imitate sensible objects or actions which are themselves imitations of some form.
On his view, such imitation results from a lack of knowledge of the Forms, the true essences of which artistic representations are but deficient approximations. Plato famously illustrates this point through the example of a bed Plato, Republic, b ff. There is a perfect Form of a bed, which exists as the nature of a bed.
Then, a carpenter makes a bed. The concept of the aesthetic, a painter paints a picture of the bed that the carpenter constructed. A further aspect of imitation that concerned Plato was its socially corrosive influence. The concern is raised most notably in connection to poetry and staged tragedies.
For example, if the youth see evil men prosper in plays, then the youth will be more inclined to become evil. Plato allowed only those works of art that would perform some didactic function. The Catholic Church, during the medieval period, also used art to perform a didactic function, especially to communicate the faith to the illiterate.
The concept of form, especially in terms of formal causality, provided a ground for later theories of beauty, which connected the beauty of an object to its form.
Plato maintained that the Forms of each thing existed in a realm that transcended physical things. Another concept relevant for medieval aesthetics is found in the Metaphysics see III. He specifically highlighted the interchangeable relationship between being and one.
Transcendentals transcend traditional Aristotelian categories. They are interchangeable with each other, and they are inseparable in terms of their ontological status. Transcendentals more in subsection 3.
Thomas Aquinas were particularly important to such thinkers as Thomas Aquinas, Avicenna, and Averroes. However, Aristotle does not think that nature imitates the realm of the Forms. While Plato thinks that imitations are deficient replicas of real essences, Aristotle believes that imitation is natural and can also be used to educate Poetics b7.
Aristotle uses this word twice in the Poetics b7; b15 ; it seems that he believed a tragedy could cleanse negative emotions such as fear and pity. Finally, Aristotle emphasized some characteristics that art requires in order to be good.
Order concerns the relationship of the parts with each other and with the whole, which was also very important to medieval philosophers and artisans. Plotinus The Neoplatonic philosopher Plotinus provided two main contributions to guide medieval thinking on aesthetics.
First, Plotinus made it clear that beauty chiefly applies to the sense of sight and hearing Plotinus I. This notion is not only a contribution to a theory of beauty, but it delineates two senses as having primacy over the others for the acquisition of knowledge.
And beauty, for the medieval philosophers, was frequently connected with knowledge. Second, Plotinus argued against the notion that proportion is the primary component of beauty.
Plotinus proceeds to argue that simple things could not be beautiful, if symmetry was the only component of beauty.Jan 08, · Description The Ideology of the Aesthetic presents a history and critique of the concept of the aesthetic throughout modern Western thought.
As such, this is a critical survey of modern Western philosophy, focusing in particular on the complex relations between aesthetics, ethics and timberdesignmag.com: Paperback.
Concepts. Concepts are of central importance to an overall theory of cognition and the mind. Our thoughts, especially those that express or involve propositions, are analyzed and distinguished from one another by appeal to various facts involving concepts and our grasp of them.
Aesthetics (/ ɛ s ˈ θ ɛ t ɪ k s, iː s-/) is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty..
In its more technical epistemological perspective, it is defined as the study of subjective and sensori-emotional values, sometimes called judgments of sentiment and taste. Aesthetics studies how artists imagine, create and.
It should be easy to get into the aesthetic industry. Venus Concept is a leader in the global medical aesthetic market, pairing best-in-class technology with the first . Gary Tedman has put forward a theory of a subjectless aesthetics derived from Karl Marx's concept of alienation, and Louis Althusser's antihumanism, using elements of Freud's group psychology, defining a concept of the 'aesthetic level of practice'.
This volume offers a major selection of Bertolt Brecht's groundbreaking critical writing. Here, arranged in chronological order, are essays from to , in which Brecht explores his definition of the Epic Theatre and his theory of alienation-effects in directing, acting, and writing, and discusses, among other works, The Threepenny Opera, Mahagonny, Mother Courage, Puntila, and Galileo.