The curious case of phineas gage essay

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The curious case of phineas gage essay

Public’s Views on Human Evolution

Phineas Gage Phineas Gage — was the victim of a terrible accident in His injuries helped scientists understand more about the brain and human behaviour. Holly Story gets to grips with the grisly tale and its place in the history of neuroscience.

Inwhen he was just 25 years old, Gage sustained a terrible injury to his brain. His miraculous survival, and the effects of the injury upon his character, made Gage a curiosity to the public and an important case study for scientists hoping to understand more about the brain.

Workers often used dynamite to blast away rock and clear a path for the railway. On 13 September, Gage was using a tamping iron a long hollow cylinder of iron weighing more than 6 kilos to compact explosive powder into the rock ready for a blast.

The iron rod hit the rock, creating a spark that ignited the explosives. Despite his horrific injury, within minutes Gage was sitting up in a cart, conscious and recounting what had happened.

He was taken back to his lodgings, where he was attended by Dr John Harlow.

The curious case of phineas gage essay

His family did not expect him to survive: It seems that physically, Gage made a good recovery, but his injury may have had a permanent impact on his mental condition.

The role of the frontal cortex in social cognition and decision making is now well-recognised; in the 19th century, however, neurologists were only just beginning to realise these connections.

One of the pioneering researchers in this field at the time was David Ferrier, a Scottish neurologist who performed extensive experimental research into cerebral function. He used the experience of Phineas Gage as a case study to support his claims. It is known that he worked as a coach driver for several years in New Hampshire and then in Chile and that in his health deteriorated and he returned to the USA.

He died in San Francisco in after suffering seizures that resulted from his injury. His brain was not examined after his death, but in his body was exhumed and his skull was sent to Dr Harlow to be studied.

The model also indicates that the accident damaged the connections between the frontal cortex to the limbic system, which are involved in the regulation of emotions.

A drawing of a portrait of Phineas Gage, with the tamping iron that gave him the injury that would make him one of the most famous names in brain science.


The artist has added an image of his skull, showing how the tamping iron entered and exited.Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin Phineas Gage and the Role of the Brain in Cognitive Functioning Words | 5 Pages.

Phineas Gage and the Role of the Brain in Cognitive Functioning BreAnne Warden PSY/ December 5, Devlin Crose Phineas Gage and the Role of the Brain in Cognitive Functioning The brain plays a key role in cognitive functioning.

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The curious case of phineas gage essay

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The incredible case of Phineas Gage | ScienceBlogs