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These were flamboyant entertainments used to celebrate marriages or show off the wealth and power of the ruler. The performances were a mixture of spoken word, music, dance and pantomime. They contained ceremonial processions with spectacular technical effects and extravagant costumes.
The stories were inspired by the myths of ancient Greece and Rome or were based on themes such as the four seasons, the natural world or foreign lands. Costumes were imaginative and fantastical, decorated with symbols that helped the audience to recognise the characters in the story.
Movement was often limited by the size of these costumes. Originally the court ballets were performed by the aristocracy and royalty in the rooms and gardens of their palaces.
Dances were based on the social dances of the royal courts with graceful arm and upper body movements and elaborate floor patterns. These huge spectacles helped keep courtiers amused - court life could be monotonous and boring, and being able to dance was a necessary social accomplishment.
He was known as the Sun King. The Sun, a heavenly body which gave life to all things was seen as the perfect symbol for the young king. Eventually it became impossible for amateur dancers to reach the standards demanded by the dancing masters and composers.
Here the first professional theatre dancers were trained and dance moved from the court into the public theatres. Charles Nicolas Cochin, Ballet at Versailles, engraving, Versailles had no theatre, so temporary stages were set up around the palace and in the gardens. Here the stage has been set up in the grounds with the palace itself visible in the background.
A comedy-ballet called the Princess of Navarrewas produced as part of the celebrations of a royal marriage: The composer Jean Philippe Rameau was asked to write the ballet in partnership with the author Voltaire now best known for his satirical novels such as Candide.
Voltaire found the commission a trial he had to write to a precise specification and everything he wrote was constantly checked by a number of officials. To make matters worse, he and the official in charge of the entertainment disagreed about everything. Dancers followed fashion and these dresses meant they could perform a greater range of movement.
They now wore flat slippers, which allowed greater flexibility in the foot, and women developed the trick of rising on tiptoe on demi-pointe. Now that costumes had become freer, men and women could dance together.
In the s, the simple jacket, shirt and breeches allowed greater virtuosity and a higher leg line. There were snide comments about performing monkeys and that a goose could stand on one leg too. The money in the hat and the scurrilous verse beneath refer to the large sums earned by Vestris at the height of his career.
The original choreography is now forgotten but the ballet was re-choreographed by Frederick Ashton in the s. The ballet was originally conceived in by choreographer Jean Dauberval, while working at the theatre in Bordeaux, in France. He saw a print of a mother scolding her daughter while her lover escapes up the backstairs.
In Russia it was called Vain Precautions.Russian ballet is thought as traditional ballet and had great importance in the history of ballet. Colonialism had an influence on stories with oriental, Asian and African elements.
It also developed in Denmark.
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A stiff short skirt worn as a costume, called tutu, became the formal element of ballet. Martha Graham was born in a suburb of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on May 11, , one of George and Jane Beers Graham's three daughters. Her father was a doctor who treated people with nervous disorders.
When she was ten years old, and after one of her sisters developed asthma (a . Etymology. Ballet is a French word which had its origin in Italian balletto, a diminutive of ballo (dance) which comes from Latin ballo, ballare, meaning "to dance", which in turn comes from the Greek "βαλλίζω" (ballizo), "to dance, to jump about".
The word came into English usage from the French around History. Louis XIV as Apollo in the Ballet Royal de la Nuit (). Ballet. The Origins of Ballet.
Ballet costume design for The Old Dowager in La Douairère de Dillebahaut, watercolour drawing with handwritten annotation, France, Dance in the 17th century.
Ballet and opera began in the 17th century, with the elaborate spectacles devised at European courts. These were flamboyant entertainments used to celebrate.
In practice time, ballet dancers are wearing knitted legwarmers to keep the muscles warm. During the performance, the most of the time professional ballerinas wear ballet slippers and then change into pointe shoes for the main performance and the most of the ballet dancers wear ballet slippers..
Ballet slippers can be tan colored, like skin, to give the barefoot look. When it comes to the origins and overyear history of ballet, there are plenty of resources that have it covered.
I’m going to direct you to some of these below but first, here is a super-abridged description of the origins of ballet as a starting point for continued investigation.