It made for great oratory between eminent rivals, and it put the debate over teaching evolution on front pages across the country.
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Traditionalists, the older Victorians, worried that everything valuable was ending. Younger modernists no longer asked whether society would approve of their behavior, only whether their behavior met the approval of their intellect.
Americans danced to the sound of the Jazz Age, showed their contempt for alcoholic prohibition, debated abstract art and Freudian theories. In a response to the new social patterns set in motion by modernism, a wave of revivalism developed, becoming especially strong in the American South.
Who would dominate American culture--the modernists or the traditionalists? Journalists were looking for a showdown, and they found one in a Dayton, Tennessee courtroom in the summer of There a jury was to decide the fate of John Scopesa high school biology teacher charged with illegally teaching the theory of evolution.
The meaning of the trial emerged through its interpretation as a conflict of social and intellectual values. Bryan, in the words of columnist H.
Menckenwho covered the Scopes Trial, transformed himself into a "sort of Fundamentalist Pope. In February, Tennessee enacted a bill introduced by John Butler making it unlawful "to teach any theory that denies the story of divine creation as taught by the Bible and to teach instead that man was descended from a lower order of animals.
George Rappalyeaa year-old transplanted New Yorker and local coal company manager, arrived at the drugstore with a copy of a paper containing an American Civil Liberties Union announcement that it was willing to offer its services to anyone challenging the new Tennessee anti-evolution statute.
Rappalyea, a modernist Methodist with contempt for the new law, argued to other town leaders that a trial would be a way of putting Dayton on the map. The conspirators summoned John Scopes, a twenty-four-year old general science teacher and part-time football coach, to the drugstore.
Scopes replied that while filling in for the regular biology teacher during an illness, he had assigned readings on evolution from the book for review purposes.
The dramatic climax of the Scopes trial took place on July 20, when Darrow called Bryan to the stand as an expert witness on the Bible. Despite its irrelevance to the case at hand, Bryan welcomed the opportunity (as he viewed it) to defend traditional religion against the forces of atheism. Scopes Trial Summary: The Scopes Trial, commonly referred to as the Scopes Evolution Trial or the Scopes Monkey trial, began on July 10th, The defendant, John Thomas Scopes, was a high school coach and substitute teacher who had been charged with violating the Butler Act by teaching the theory of evolution in his classes. The Scopes "Monkey Trial" Counterbalance aims to present new views on complex issues and is committed "to stay true to respected theological principles, and to good scholarship." They refute the view that the Scopes Trial was a public relations victory for evolutionists.
He later explained his decision: Rappalyea initially wanted science fiction writer H. Wells to head the defense team. Wells will consent," Rappalyea predicted. Wells had no interest in taking the case, but others did. John Nealan eccentric law school dean from Knoxville, drove to Dayton and volunteered to represent Scopes.Nov 17, · Watch video · The Scopes Trial, also known as the Scopes Monkey Trial, was the prosecution of science teacher John Scopes for teaching evolution in a Tennessee public school, which a recent bill had made.
The story of the Scopes trial is retold in this Paramount and Pathe News film "Greatest Headlines of the Century," produced in In , John Scopes was convicted and fined $ for teaching evolution in his Dayton, Tenn., classroom.
Scopes "Monkey" Trial () The early s found social patterns in chaos. Traditionalists, the older Victorians, worried that everything valuable was ending. Bryan, in the words of columnist H.
L. Mencken, who covered the Scopes Trial, transformed himself into a "sort of Fundamentalist Pope." By , Bryan and his followers had succeeded in getting legislation introduced in fifteen states to ban the teaching of evolution.
William Jennings Bryan (March 19, – July 26, ) was an American orator and politician from Nebraska. In days following the Scopes Trial, Bryan delivered several speeches in Tennessee. On Sunday, July 26, , Bryan died in his sleep after attending a church service in Dayton. Jul 05, · The Scopes trial — or "Monkey Trial," as it was called — dominated headlines across the country.
The trial lasted just a week, but the questions it raised are as .